By | February 11, 2007 2 Comments

The high cost of sociopaths

Antisocial behavior in childhood is a major predictor of how much an individual will cost society.

That’s the conclusion of a study published by the British Medical Journal (BMJ) in 2001. It found that by age 28, individuals who as children had conduct disorder—kiddie sociopaths—cost public agencies 10 times more in services than children who did not have behavior problems.

The study, Financial cost of social exclusion: follow up study of antisocial children into adulthood, by Stephen Scott, Martin Knapp, Juliet Henderson and Barbara Maughan (2001), measured the costs of crime, special education services, foster and residential care, state benefits and health care. It was based on a previous study that followed 2,281 children from London. The children were divided into those with no behavior problems, those with behavior problems who were not diagnosed as having conduct disorder, and those with conduct disorder.

The study authors found that a diagnosis of conduct disorder in children was the best predictor of later costs to public services. Behaviors typically associated with conduct disorder include disobedience, tantrums, fighting, destructiveness, lying and stealing. The study noted, “40 percent of 8-year-olds with conduct disorder are repeatedly convicted of crimes such as theft, vandalism, and assault in adolescence.”

High costs to public services

And what were the costs? The study calculated them in British pounds at 1998 prices. The U.S. dollar figures are based on today’s exchange rate.

Mean individual costs to public services
Individuals with no problems 7,423 pounds (US$14,478)
Individuals with conduct problems 24,234 pounds (US$47,266)
Individuals with conduct disorder 70,019 pounds (US$136,565)

Higher costs to society

Another study, The monetary value of saving a high-risk youth, by Mark A. Cohen (1998), created a broader estimate of how much individuals who engage in antisocial behavior cost society.

The study measured “external costs,” defined as an action taken by one person that negatively affects another person. “For example,” Cohen says, “the ”˜external’ costs associated with a violent armed robbery include stolen property, medical costs, lost wages, and pain and suffering endured by the victim.” Here is what Cohen found:

External costs to society
Typical career criminal—$1.3 to $1.5 million
Heavy drug user—$370,000 to $970,000
High school dropout—$243,000 to $388,000

Cohen also estimated other costs that antisocial behavior inflicts upon society. His purpose was to develop a cost-benefit analysis of programs that targeted high-risk youths. He concluded that the potential monetary value of saving a high-risk youth was $1.7 to $2.3 million.

Can we save them?

Both studies pointed out that childhood and youth intervention could produce significant cost savings for society. But as Dr. Liane Leedom can attest, when children have genetic predispositions to sociopathy, this is extremely difficult to accomplish. I hope we, as a society, can figure out a way to save them.

Comment on this article

Please Login to comment
Notify of

It’s startling when one thinks in terms of dollar-damages and that intervention at any cost is unlikely to be successful.

It’s my feeling that until the medical-psychiatric research community can isolate the cause and create a cure that attempts at intervention will only consume many millions of dollars which could be spent on research.

With the present state of affairs, we only know that they do not change…

Not mentioned in the article was the peripheral damage that the victims incur and the unmeasurable amount of human suffering inflicted by antisocial behavior.

Wonderful post Donna – to point out in DOLLARS & CENTS the trauma that sociopaths cause.

Too many people believe it will NEVER happen to them, they are “too smart” or that victims should just “get over it.”

Sociopaths cost money and time. Victims, law enforcement, medical treatment of victims and so on.

Send this to a friend